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Trade Dynamics during COVID-19: Essential Medical Goods

The COVID-19 pandemic caused a decline in overall global trade. From January to June 2020, exports of U.S. goods dropped by almost 25%, while imports of goods dropped by about 17%.

The U.S. trade deficit—the gap between imports and exports—increased by about 20%, reaching a value of $8.65 billion.

The pandemic-induced increase in the trade of essential medical goods accounted for 41.3% of that increase in the U.S. trade deficit.

Read more about this research and consult a wide range of other COVID-19-related analysis from the St. Louis Fed's Research Division.