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All Employees: Retail Trade in Springfield, MA-CT (NECTA)

2016-04: 34.5 Thousands of Persons  
Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted, SMU25781004200000001SA, Updated: 2016-05-24 1:04 PM CDT
1yr | 5yr | 10yr | Max

The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis seasonally adjusts this series by using the 'x12' package from R with default parameter settings. The package uses the U.S. Bureau of the Census X-12-ARIMA Seasonal Adjustment Program. More information on the 'x12' package can be found at More information on X-12-ARIMA can be found at

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Source: US. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Release: State and Metro Area Employment, Hours, and Earnings

Growth Rate Calculations | US recession dates

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(a) All Employees: Retail Trade in Springfield, MA-CT (NECTA), Thousands of Persons, Seasonally Adjusted (SMU25781004200000001SA)
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Use a formula to modify and combine data series into a single line. For example, invert an exchange rate a by using formula 1/a, or calculate the spread between 2 interest rates a and b by using formula a - b.

Use the assigned data series variables above (e.g. a, b, ...) together with operators {+, -, *, /, ^}, braces {(,)}, and constants {e.g. 2, 1.5} to create your own formula {e.g. 1/a, a-b, (a+b)/2, (a/(a+b+c))*100}. The default formula 'a' displays only the first data series added to this line. You may also add data series to this line before entering a formula.

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Suggested Citation
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis and US. Bureau of Labor Statistics, All Employees: Retail Trade in Springfield, MA-CT (NECTA) [SMU25781004200000001SA], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 30, 2016.

Retrieving data.
Graph updated.

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