Skip to main content

Outstanding Note Circulation, All Banks for Germany

1913-12: 2.753 Millions of Marks  
Monthly, End of Month, Not Seasonally Adjusted, M1488ADEM421NNBR, Updated: 2012-08-20 8:34 AM CDT
1yr | 5yr | 10yr | Max

Series Is Presented Here As Two Variables--(1)--Original Data, 1875-1913 (2)--Original Data, 1914-1934. Data For January 1876 Are For Twenty Banks Versus Thirty-One For The Previous Month; Data For July 1876 Are For Eighteen Banks, Data For Rest Of The Variable Are For Nineteen Banks. Source: Reichsamt Des Innern, Ministerialblatt, Central Blatt, 1876 And Following Issues; Also See Reichsanzeiger.

This NBER data series m14088a appears on the NBER website in Chapter 14 at

NBER Indicator: m14088a

Source: National Bureau of Economic Research

Release: NBER Macrohistory Database

Growth Rate Calculations | US recession dates

Restore defaults | Save settings | Apply saved settings
Recession bars:
Log scale:

Y-Axis Position:
(a) Outstanding Note Circulation, All Banks for Germany, Millions of Marks, Not Seasonally Adjusted (M1488ADEM421NNBR)
Integer Period Range:

copy to all
Create your own data transformation: [+]
Need help? [+]

Use a formula to modify and combine data series into a single line. For example, invert an exchange rate a by using formula 1/a, or calculate the spread between 2 interest rates a and b by using formula a - b.

Use the assigned data series variables above (e.g. a, b, ...) together with operators {+, -, *, /, ^}, braces {(,)}, and constants {e.g. 2, 1.5} to create your own formula {e.g. 1/a, a-b, (a+b)/2, (a/(a+b+c))*100}. The default formula 'a' displays only the first data series added to this line. You may also add data series to this line before entering a formula.

will be applied to formula result

Create segments for min, max, and average values: [+]

Suggested Citation
National Bureau of Economic Research, Outstanding Note Circulation, All Banks for Germany [M1488ADEM421NNBR], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, November 26, 2015.

Retrieving data.
Graph updated.

Subscribe to our newsletter

Follow us

Twitter logo Google Plus logo Facebook logo YouTube logo LinkedIn logo
Back to Top
Click to send us feedback