# FRED Graph

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Recession bars:
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Y-Axis Position:
(a) Private Nonresidential Fixed Investment, Billions of Dollars, Not Seasonally Adjusted (PNFIA)

Integer Period Range:

copy to all
(b) Personal Consumption Expenditures, Billions of Dollars, Not Seasonally Adjusted (PCECA)

Integer Period Range:

copy to all
Create your own data transformation: [+]
Need help? [+]

Use a formula to modify and combine data series into a single line. For example, invert an exchange rate a by using formula 1/a, or calculate the spread between 2 interest rates a and b by using formula a - b.

Use the assigned data series variables above (e.g. a, b, ...) together with operators {+, -, *, /, ^}, braces {(,)}, and constants {e.g. 2, 1.5} to create your own formula {e.g. 1/a, a-b, (a+b)/2, (a/(a+b+c))*100}. The default formula 'a' displays only the first data series added to this line. You may also add data series to this line before entering a formula.

will be applied to formula result

Create segments for min, max, and average values: [+]

Y-Axis Position:
(a) 1-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate, Percent, Not Seasonally Adjusted (GS1)

Integer Period Range:

copy to all
Create your own data transformation: [+]
Need help? [+]

Use a formula to modify and combine data series into a single line. For example, invert an exchange rate a by using formula 1/a, or calculate the spread between 2 interest rates a and b by using formula a - b.

Use the assigned data series variables above (e.g. a, b, ...) together with operators {+, -, *, /, ^}, braces {(,)}, and constants {e.g. 2, 1.5} to create your own formula {e.g. 1/a, a-b, (a+b)/2, (a/(a+b+c))*100}. The default formula 'a' displays only the first data series added to this line. You may also add data series to this line before entering a formula.

will be applied to formula result

Create segments for min, max, and average values: [+]

Graph Data

Graph Image

Suggested Citation
``` US. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Private Nonresidential Fixed Investment [PNFIA], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis https://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/PNFIA/, October 7, 2015. ```
``` US. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Personal Consumption Expenditures [PCECA], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis https://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/PCECA/, October 7, 2015. ```
``` Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), 1-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate [GS1], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis https://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/GS1/, October 7, 2015. ```

Retrieving data.
Graph updated.