# FRED Graph

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Recession bars:
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Y-Axis Position:
(a) Federal Funds Target Range - Upper Limit, Percent, Not Seasonally Adjusted (DFEDTARU)

Integer Period Range:

copy to all
Create your own data transformation: [+]
Need help? [+]

Use a formula to modify and combine data series into a single line. For example, invert an exchange rate a by using formula 1/a, or calculate the spread between 2 interest rates a and b by using formula a - b.

Use the assigned data series variables above (e.g. a, b, ...) together with operators {+, -, *, /, ^}, braces {(,)}, and constants {e.g. 2, 1.5} to create your own formula {e.g. 1/a, a-b, (a+b)/2, (a/(a+b+c))*100}. The default formula 'a' displays only the first data series added to this line. You may also add data series to this line before entering a formula.

will be applied to formula result

Create segments for min, max, and average values: [+]

Y-Axis Position:
(a) Federal Funds Target Range - Lower Limit, Percent, Not Seasonally Adjusted (DFEDTARL)

Integer Period Range:

copy to all
Create your own data transformation: [+]
Need help? [+]

Use a formula to modify and combine data series into a single line. For example, invert an exchange rate a by using formula 1/a, or calculate the spread between 2 interest rates a and b by using formula a - b.

Use the assigned data series variables above (e.g. a, b, ...) together with operators {+, -, *, /, ^}, braces {(,)}, and constants {e.g. 2, 1.5} to create your own formula {e.g. 1/a, a-b, (a+b)/2, (a/(a+b+c))*100}. The default formula 'a' displays only the first data series added to this line. You may also add data series to this line before entering a formula.

will be applied to formula result

Create segments for min, max, and average values: [+]

Y-Axis Position:
(a) Federal Funds Target Rate (DISCONTINUED), Percent, Not Seasonally Adjusted (DFEDTAR)

Integer Period Range:

copy to all
Create your own data transformation: [+]
Need help? [+]

Use a formula to modify and combine data series into a single line. For example, invert an exchange rate a by using formula 1/a, or calculate the spread between 2 interest rates a and b by using formula a - b.

Use the assigned data series variables above (e.g. a, b, ...) together with operators {+, -, *, /, ^}, braces {(,)}, and constants {e.g. 2, 1.5} to create your own formula {e.g. 1/a, a-b, (a+b)/2, (a/(a+b+c))*100}. The default formula 'a' displays only the first data series added to this line. You may also add data series to this line before entering a formula.

will be applied to formula result

Create segments for min, max, and average values: [+]

Y-Axis Position:
(a) Effective Federal Funds Rate, Percent, Not Seasonally Adjusted (DFF)

Integer Period Range:

copy to all
Create your own data transformation: [+]
Need help? [+]

Use a formula to modify and combine data series into a single line. For example, invert an exchange rate a by using formula 1/a, or calculate the spread between 2 interest rates a and b by using formula a - b.

Use the assigned data series variables above (e.g. a, b, ...) together with operators {+, -, *, /, ^}, braces {(,)}, and constants {e.g. 2, 1.5} to create your own formula {e.g. 1/a, a-b, (a+b)/2, (a/(a+b+c))*100}. The default formula 'a' displays only the first data series added to this line. You may also add data series to this line before entering a formula.

will be applied to formula result

Create segments for min, max, and average values: [+]

Graph Data

Graph Image

Suggested Citation
``` Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Federal Funds Target Range - Upper Limit [DFEDTARU], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis https://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/DFEDTARU, February 12, 2016. ```
``` Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Federal Funds Target Range - Lower Limit [DFEDTARL], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis https://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/DFEDTARL, February 12, 2016. ```
``` Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Federal Funds Target Rate (DISCONTINUED) [DFEDTAR], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis https://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/DFEDTAR, February 12, 2016. ```
``` Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Effective Federal Funds Rate [DFF], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis https://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/DFF, February 12, 2016. ```

Retrieving data.
Graph updated.