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Contribution of Components to Real GDP Growth

Percentage points compounded annual rates

Contribution of Components to Real GDP Growth

2016 2017 2018
2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st
Final Sales 2.91 2.62 0.70 2.70 2.94 2.37 3.41 1.89
Consumption 2.57 1.92 1.99 1.32 2.24 1.49 2.75 0.73
Fixed Investment 0.22 0.25 0.28 1.27 0.53 0.40 1.31 0.76
Nonresidential 0.41 0.42 0.02 0.86 0.82 0.58 0.84 0.76
Residential -0.18 -0.18 0.26 0.41 -0.30 -0.18 0.46 0.00
Government -0.16 0.09 0.03 -0.11 -0.03 0.12 0.51 0.20
Federal -0.06 0.11 -0.03 -0.16 0.13 0.09 0.20 0.11
State and Local -0.11 -0.02 0.06 0.05 -0.16 0.03 0.31 0.09
Net Exports 0.28 0.36 -1.61 0.22 0.21 0.36 -1.16 0.20
Exports 0.32 0.74 -0.47 0.85 0.42 0.25 0.83 0.59
Imports -0.04 -0.37 -1.14 -0.63 -0.22 0.11 -1.99 -0.39
Changes in Inventory -0.67 0.16 1.06 -1.46 0.12 0.79 -0.53 0.43
Residual 0.053 0.106 -0.06 -0.048 0.131 -0.019 -0.099 -0.101
Real GDP Growth 2.24 2.78 1.76 1.24 3.06 3.16 2.89 2.32



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