Rising costs of and returns to college have led to sizeable increases in the demand for
student loans in many countries. In the U.S., student loan default rates have also risen
for recent cohorts as labor market uncertainty and debt levels have increased.
It is a robust finding that technical trading rules applied to foreign exchange markets
have earned substantial excess returns over long periods of time. However, the approach to
risk adjustment has typically been rather cursory, and has tended to focus on the CAPM.
Event studies show that Fed unconventional announcements of forward guidance and large scale
asset purchases had large and desired effects on asset prices but do not tell us how long such
In 2005, reforms made formal personal bankruptcy much more costly. Shortly after, the US
began to experience its most severe recession in seventy years, and while personal bankruptcy
rates rose, they rose only modestly given the severity of the rise in unemployment.
This paper determines the most appropriate ways to model diffusion and jump features of exchange
rates. Simulations show that intraday periodicity in volatility prevents conventional tests from accurately
identifying the frequency and location of jumps.
We review the responses of the Federal Reserve to financial crises over the past 100 years. The authors of the Federal Reserve Act in 1913 created an institution that they hoped would prevent banking panics from occurring.
The recent financial crisis has focused attention on the relationship between access to finance and international trade, triggering a burgeoning segment of the literature evaluating this link empirically.
This paper argues that self-fulfilling beliefs in credit conditions can generate endoge-
nously persistent business cycle dynamics. We develop a tractable dynamic general equi-
librium model in which heterogeneous firms face idiosyncratic productivity shocks.
The two channels of default on unsecured consumer debt are (i) bankruptcy, which
legally grants partial or complete removal of unsecured debt under certain circumstances,
and (ii) delinquency, which is informal default via nonpayment.
This paper introduces a measure of credit score performance that abstracts from the influence of "situational factors." Using this measure, we study the role and effectiveness of credit scoring that underlied subprime securities during the mortgage boom of 2000-2006.