Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review
A bimonthly research journal intended for an economically informed but broad readershipfrom the undergraduate student to the PhD. In print and online.
SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2011 Vol. 93, No. 5
Independence + Accountability: Why the Fed Is a Well-Designed Central Bank
In 1913, Congress purposefully created the Federal Reserve as an independent central bank, which created a fundamental tension: how to ensure the Fed remains accountable to the electorate without losing its independence. Over the years, there have been changes in the Fed’s structure to improve its independence, credibility, accountability, and transparency.
A Foreign Exchange Intervention in an Era of Restraint
The Japanese yen appreciated strongly and rapidly against other major currencies in the wake of the massive March 11, 2011, Tohoku earthquake. High volatility and disorder in financial markets prompted the G-7 authorities to jointly intervene to weaken the yen.
A Comprehensive Revision of the U.S. Monetary Services (Divisia) Indexes
The authors introduce a comprehensive revision of the Divisia monetary aggregates for the United States published by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, referred to as the Monetary Services Indexes (MSI). These revised MSI are available at five levels of aggregation, including a new broad level of aggregation that includes all of the assets currently reported on the Federal Reserve’s H.6 statistical release.
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