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# FRED Graph

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Recession bars:
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Y-Axis Position:
(a) Federal Debt: Total Public Debt as Percent of Gross Domestic Product, Percent of GDP, Seasonally Adjusted (GFDEGDQ188S)

Integer Period Range:

copy to all
Create your own data transformation: [+]
Need help? [+]

Use a formula to modify and combine data series into a single line. For example, invert an exchange rate a by using formula 1/a, or calculate the spread between 2 interest rates a and b by using formula a - b.

Use the assigned data series variables above (e.g. a, b, ...) together with operators {+, -, *, /, ^}, braces {(,)}, and constants {e.g. 2, 1.5} to create your own formula {e.g. 1/a, a-b, (a+b)/2, (a/(a+b+c))*100}. The default formula 'a' displays only the first data series added to this line. You may also add data series to this line before entering a formula.

will be applied to formula result

Create segments for min, max, and average values: [+]

Y-Axis Position:
(a) Federal Surplus or Deficit [-] as Percent of Gross Domestic Product, Percent of GDP, Not Seasonally Adjusted (FYFSGDA188S)

Integer Period Range:

copy to all
Create your own data transformation: [+]
Need help? [+]

Use a formula to modify and combine data series into a single line. For example, invert an exchange rate a by using formula 1/a, or calculate the spread between 2 interest rates a and b by using formula a - b.

Use the assigned data series variables above (e.g. a, b, ...) together with operators {+, -, *, /, ^}, braces {(,)}, and constants {e.g. 2, 1.5} to create your own formula {e.g. 1/a, a-b, (a+b)/2, (a/(a+b+c))*100}. The default formula 'a' displays only the first data series added to this line. You may also add data series to this line before entering a formula.

will be applied to formula result

Create segments for min, max, and average values: [+]

Graph Data

Graph Image

Suggested Citation
``` Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis and US. Office of Management and Budget, Federal Debt: Total Public Debt as Percent of Gross Domestic Product [GFDEGDQ188S], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis https://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/GFDEGDQ188S/, June 30, 2015. ```
``` Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis and US. Office of Management and Budget, Federal Surplus or Deficit [-] as Percent of Gross Domestic Product [FYFSGDA188S], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis https://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/FYFSGDA188S/, June 30, 2015. ```

Retrieving data.
Graph updated.